Criticism can be a double-edged sword. On one hand it can help you to improve, but on the other hand, it can shatter your confidence if you allow it. Knowing how to deal with criticism is vital to improving yourself in both your professional and personal life.
How do you feel when someone criticizes you? Maybe you’ve had someone criticize your work, your effort, or personal aspects of your life. You may feel hurt or angry. You may even become defensive.
There are so many times in life when we have to deal with criticism that it’s essential to learn how to deal with it appropriately. Certainly, you don’t want someone else’s opinion to prevent you from having a happy and productive life.
Constructive Criticism vs. Destructive Criticism
The first step in dealing with criticism is to figure out whether it’s worth considering. Sometimes we may confuse personal attacks with criticism. They’re definitely not the same! There are two kinds of criticism: constructive criticism, which is intended to help us improve and keep communication open, and destructive criticism, which is used to humiliate and control.
Whether you’re dealing with criticism in the work place, at home, or with friends, it’s essential to be able to deal with critical comments. When dealing with critical comments, your feelings might get hurt, so the first thing to do is give yourself a few minutes to process the information before reacting. Take some deep breaths, and determine why the criticism was delivered. Thinking before you react will help you avoid unnecessary conflict, pain, or embarrassment.
If you determine there’s no truth to the criticism, you may find it appropriate to use a technique called distracting, where you calmly acknowledge that you heard what the other person said. Don’t become defensive or upset, just acknowledge the statement and leave it at that. You can acknowledge the other speaker with a general response, such as “I appreciate you sharing your opinion.” There is no need to get into an argument with the person. If the other person does want to argue, you can simply change the subject and move on.
One of the hardest things to do when you’re criticized is to admit that it’s true. You don’t have to be overly apologetic. You can always say, I’m sorry or It’s my mistake and move on. By admitting fault, you’re taking ownership of the problem and you’re proving that you’re a mature adult.
Once you’ve admitted your mistake, strive to get past the barrier and heal the rift between you. When communicating, strive not to use the word “but” when admitting the truth of the criticism. That puts stipulations on why you were wrong. Swallow your pride and go on. On the other hand, if you’re not sure whether the criticism is justified, you may want to request more detailed feedback. This will not only help you gain more information, but also help the other person clarify the facts.
An example of this might be if someone tells you that your work is sloppy. By finding out their expectations, you can deliver what they’re looking for instead of fumbling around trying to figure out what sloppy means. Everyone has different expectations, and a simple adjustment might be all you need to resolve the criticism.
If you take criticism too personally, you’re letting someone else be in charge of your life. Don’t let others rattle you. It’s really not worth the energy or frustration. And remember: you can’t control others; you can only control yourself. So that means you have a choice in your response to criticism: you can ignore the criticism, use it as a motivator, or become upset and angry. The choice is yours.